770-609-1247 | Close Corporation – Georgia Business Lawyers & Attorneys

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A “statutory close corporation” is a corporation with fifty (50) or fewer shareholders that has elected to be treated as such by adding a paragraph to the Articles of Incorporation.

Three major features of a Statutory Close Corporation are most important to keep in mind:

The first is reduced formality. Usually, when a corporation is involved in a lawsuit, it is common for the other side to challenge the validity of the corporation on account of its failure to follow corporate formalities. The failure of a statutory close corporation to observe standard corporate familiarity is not ground for imposing personal liability of the shareholders for the liabilities of the corporation. However, it should be stated that there is very little case law to set a precedent, so it is unclear how far the courts will go in excusing corporate formality, i.e. keeping timely, up to date and complete company minutes.

The second major feature is that Georgia statute provides a simple “right of first refusal” requirement between shareholders. This works well if the ownership between the shareholders is relatively balanced. In this case, if one shareholder wants to sell the business and finds a buyer, the other shareholder(s) have the right to match that price and make an offer.

The third feature is the ability to not have a Board of Directors. This can be viewed as an extension of the first feature of reduced formality. If the Board of Directors is eliminated, voting is by percentage of ownership of the company. Thus, if ownership is not equal, voting strength varies. For example, let’s take the example of a corporation that has one 60% shareholder and two 20% shareholders. If there is a Board of Directors consisting of all three shareholders, the two 20’s can outvote the 60. However, with no Board of Directors, the reverse is true.

In order to help you decide what the best option for you is, please refer to the profiles below:

Choose a Close Corporation without directors if you will have:

  • One shareholder with no plans to add another shareholder;
  • More than one shareholder with each owning the same percentage; or
  • More than one shareholder with each owning different percentages that want to vote by percentage interest.

Choose a Close Corporation with directors if you will have:

  • More than one shareholder each owning different percentages that want to vote per capita;
  • The type of business that your business prospects will expect to have a Board of Directors (i.e. Franchising)

Choose a Standard Corporation without electing Close Corporation Status if you will have:

  • One powerful shareholder that rules the corporation with one or more junior shareholders;
  • One or more shareholders rule the corporation and want to give key employees stock ownership as incentive. (A custom Shareholder’s Agreement is strongly advised in these situations.)

Give us a call at 770-609-1247 to arrange a confidential consultation with one of our attorneys.

Georgia Areas We Serve
Coleman Legal Group, LLC handles cases in the following cities and communities: Atlanta, Alpharetta, Roswell, Johns Creek, Milton, Cumming, Marietta, Sandy Springs, Woodstock, Kennesaw, Gainseville, Norcross, Lawrenceville, Midtown, Inman Park, Duluth, Buckhead, Dunwoody, Vinings and Smyrna.

Our attorneys frequently handle cases for clients residing in the following counties: Fulton, Gwinnett, Forsyth, Cobb, DeKalb, Henry, Cherokee, Douglas, Carroll, Coweta, Paulding, Bartow, Hall, Barrow, Walton, Newton, Rockdale, Henry, Spalding, Fayette and Clayton. 

Our main office is located in Alpharetta Georgia at: 5755 North Point Parkway, Suite 51, Alpharetta, Georgia 30022. We also have offices conveniently located at:

Alpharetta Georgia
North Point Park
5755 North Point Parkway
Suite 51
Alpharetta, GA 30022
Phone: 770-609-1247 | Map
Atlanta Georgia
Colony Square
1201 Peachtree Street, 400
Colony Square, Suite 200
Atlanta, GA 30361
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Dunwoody, Sandy Springs
GA 400, Atlanta Georgia
1200 Abernathy Rd
Building 600
Atlanta, GA 30328
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Cumming Georgia
The Avenue Forsyth
410 Peachtree Parkway
Building 400, Suite 4245
Cumming, GA 30041
Phone: 770-609-1247 | Map
Johns Creek, Duluth GA
11555 Medlock Bridge Road
Suite 100
Johns Creek, GA 30097
Phone: 770-609-1247 | Map
Duluth Georgia
2180 Satellite Boulevard
Suite 400
Duluth, GA 30097
Phone: 770-609-1247 | Map
Kennesaw Georgia
TownPark Center
125 TownPark Drive
Suite 300
Kennesaw, GA 30144
Phone: 770-609-1247 | Map
1755 North Brown Road
Suite 200
Lawrenceville, GA 30043
Phone: 770-609-1247 | Map

Copyright © 2020 | Coleman Legal Group, LLC | All Rights Reserved. Coleman Legal Group, LLC • 5755 North Point Parkway, Suite 51 • Alpharetta, GA 30022 • 770-609-1247 DISCLAIMER: The information you obtain at this site is not, nor is it intended to be, legal advice. You should consult an attorney for individual advice regarding your own situation.